For information on how the GTCI scoring is calculated, the data sources and for the full methodology please view here.
Number = GTCI Ranking Score | Key:
Both Northern American economies—the United States (3rd) and Canada (15th)—feature in the top 15 high performers of this year’s GTCI. As can be seen in the table, the United States tops its neighbouring country in every pillar apart from Attract. It is also the more consistent performer of the two, ranking inside the top 15 in all pillars. As their performances are extensively discussed in the section on the top 15 of the GTCI 2019, the reader is referred to that section for further analysis.
The dominance of European countries in the GTCI 2019 is a function of the large share of high- income countries in the region, with 28 of its economies belonging to this income group. Seven of the remaining countries in Europe are classified as upper-middle income, while two are lower-middle-income countries. Thus the region includes quite varied performances—from the top position of Switzerland to the 89th rank of the Republic of Moldova.
It has already been seen that this region has the weakest average performance in the GTCI 2019. In fact, no fewer than 16 of the Sub-Saharan African countries are found at the bottom quartile of the index. This is not a surprising result given that 14 of the countries in the region belong to the low-income group, while the rest of Sub- Saharan Africa is represented by six lower-middle-income countries and four upper-middle-income ones.
This region consists primarily of upper-middle-income countries: 10 in total. In addition, it includes five high-income countries and three lower-middle-income countries. None of the countries in the region makes it into the top quartile at the global level, al- though Chile (32nd) is as close as it gets.
Six countries in this region are classified as belonging to the lower-middle- income group, whereas the four remaining countries are equally divided in the low- and upper-middle-income groups.
This region is one of the most heterogeneous in the GTCI 2019— ranging from Singapore ranked 2nd to Cambodia ranked 107th. It includes six high-income countries, three upper-middle-income countries, and six lower-middle-income countries. Within the region, the top three countries in the overall GTCI— Singapore, New Zealand (11th), and Australia (12th)—also occupy the top three spots in three of the six pillars.
This is the only region that includes countries from all income groups: eight high-income economies, six upper-middle-income economies, four lower-middle-income economies, and one low- income economy. The top three regional countries—the United Arab Emirates (UAE, 19th), Israel (20th), and Qatar (24th)—are all part of the top quartile in the global rankings.